I collect dictionaries, convert them into CAT Scanner format, and post them here. To provide some sense of validity/reliability, I only include dictionaries that are published in manuscripts from peer-reviewed journals with an impact factor of 1.00 or above. However, I do not do further assess validity/reliability, so please make sure to scrutinize each dictionary before use.

None of these measures are owned by ‘CAT Scanner’, they are owned by their creators. I always include the reference information for the originating manuscript in the dictionary itself. If you use one of these measures in your research, please ensure that you cite the originating manuscript and CAT Scanner separately. CAT Scanner for the tool, the originating manuscript for the measure.

Construct
Source
Literature
Dictionary Links
Debt/Equity Focus Hoberg & Maksimovic (2015) Accounting & Finance All
     Debt Focus
     Equity Focus
Economic Value Orientation Moss et al. (2016) Management & Entrepreneurship All
     Economic Value Orientation
     Social Value Orientation - Environmental
     Social Value Orientation - Social
Financial Constraints Bodnaruk et al. (2015) Accounting & Finance Financial Constraints
Financial Words Matsumoto et al. (2011) Accounting & Finance All
     Financially-Oriented Words
     Forward-Looking Words
Risk Disclosure Kravet & Muslu (2013) Accounting & Finance Risk Disclosure*
*Special note regarding usage in dictionary file
Construct
Source
Literature
Dictionary Links
Corporate Social Responsibility Pencle & Mălăescu (2016) Accounting & Finance All
     Employee
     Environment
     Human Rights
     Social and Community
Moral Appeals Wheeler & Laham (2016) Psychology & Social Psychology All
     Consequentialism
     Deontology
     Moral Emotions: All
     Moral Emotions: General
     Moral Emotions: Anger
     Moral Emotions: Compassion
     Moral Emotions: Contempt
     Moral Emotions: Disgust
     Moral Emotions: Elevation
     Moral Emotions: Embarrassment
     Moral Emotions: Gratitude
     Moral Emotions: Guilt
     Moral Emotions: Shame
Moral Foundations Graham et al. (2009) Psychology & Social Psychology All
     Authority
     Fairness
     Harm
     Ingroup
     Purity
Organizational Virtue Orientation Payne et al. (2011) Management & Entrepreneurship All
     Conscientiousness
     Courage
     Empathy
     Integrity
     Warmth
     Zeal
Social Value Orientation Moss et al. (2016) Management & Entrepreneurship All
     Economic Value Orientation
     Social Value Orientation - Environmental
     Social Value Orientation - Social
Construct
Source
Literature
Dictionary Links
Ambidexterity Uotila et al. (2009) Management & Entrepreneurship All
     Exploitation
     Exploration
Ambidexterity Moss et al. (2014) Management & Entrepreneurship All
     Exploitation
     Exploration
Ambidexterity McKenny et al. (2018) Management & Entrepreneurship All
     Exploitation
     Exploration
Entrepreneurial Orientation Short et al. (2010) Management & Entrepreneurship All
     Autonomy
     Competitive Aggressiveness
     Innovativeness
     Proactiveness
     Risk Taking
     Inductive
Entrepreneurial Orientation McKenny, Aguinis, et al. (2018) Management & Entrepreneurship All
     Autonomy
     Competitive Aggressiveness
     Innovativeness
     Proactiveness
     Risk Taking
     Inductive
Entrepreneurial Orientation (High Tech Industries) McKenny, Short, et al. (2018) Management & Entrepreneurship All
     Autonomy
     Competitive Aggressiveness
     Innovativeness
     Proactiveness
     Risk Taking
Investment Motivation (Corporate Venture Capital) Hoberg & Maksimovic (2015) Management & Entrepreneurship Strategic*
*Source also included a 'financial' dictionary that is incompatible with CAT Scanner 1.0
Market Orientation Zachary et al. (2011) Management & Entrepreneurship All
     Competitor Orientation
     Customer Orientation
     Interfunctional Coordination
     Long-Term Focus
     Profitability
Market Orientation McKenny et al. (2018) Management & Entrepreneurship All
     Competitor Orientation
     Customer Orientation
     Interfunctional Coordination
     Long-Term Focus
     Profitability
Nonconformity Hubbard et al. (2018) Management & Entrepreneurship Nonconformity
Construct
Source
Literature
Dictionary Links
Moral Emotions Wheeler & Laham (2016) Psychology & Social Psychology All
     Consequentialism
     Deontology
     Moral Emotions: All
     Moral Emotions: General
     Moral Emotions: Anger
     Moral Emotions: Compassion
     Moral Emotions: Contempt
     Moral Emotions: Disgust
     Moral Emotions: Elevation
     Moral Emotions: Embarrassment
     Moral Emotions: Gratitude
     Moral Emotions: Guilt
     Moral Emotions: Shame
Narcissism Anglin et al. (2018) Management & Entrepreneurship All
     Authority
     Entitlement
     Exhibitionism
     Exploitativeness
     Self Sufficiency
     Superiority
     Vanity
Organizational Psychological Capital McKenny et al. (2013) Management & Entrepreneurship All
     Confidence
     Hope
     Optimism
     Resilience
Tone Henry (2008) Business Communication All
     Negativity
     Positivity
Training Feedback Glerum et al. (In Press) Management & Entrepreneurship All
     Satisfaction
     Utility
Construct
Source
Literature
Dictionary Links
Forward-Looking Words Matsumoto et al. (2011) Accounting & Finance All
     Financially-Oriented Words
     Forward-Looking Words
Long Term Orientation Brigham et al. (2014)*
*Note regarding source in dictionary
Management & Entrepreneurship All
     Continuity
     Futurity
     Perseverance
Construct
Source
Literature
Dictionary Links
Regulatory Focus Gamache et al. (2014) Accounting & Finance All
     Prevention Focus
     Promotion Focus

Please feel free to:

  • Convert these dictionaries to other tools’ formats (e.g., LIWC, Diction) if you would like to use these in another tool.
  • Ask me to remove a dictionary you created or own.
  • Submit a dictionary you found or created and would like to share. A couple notes:
    • I welcome revisions of existing dictionaries (e.g., if you improve the measurement characteristics of existing dictionaries or adapt them to measurement in new contexts).
    • I would appreciate if you would submit the dictionaries to me in CAT Scanner format with the reference information included.
    • Providing reliability and validity statistics – where available – would be helpful.
    • It would also be helpful if you would give me a sense for how the dictionary should be categorized in the above hierarchy, so I do not accidentally put it in the wrong place.
    • I will only post dictionaries that are published in a peer-reviewed journal with an impact factor of 1.00 or higher – ‘accepted’, but not yet ‘in print’ is fine.
    • I will only post dictionaries for which the authors require only proper attribution (no charging non-commercial users for using your measure) 
    • I will not post proprietary dictionaries from other software packages unless the software owner has explicitly agreed to it (e.g., I will not post the LIWC-proprietary word lists)