How-To Resources: Dictionary-Based Computer-Aided Text Analysis


Short, J. C. & Palmer, T. B. (2008). The application of DICTION to content analysis research in strategic management. Organizational Research Methods, 11, 727-752.

This article specifically focuses on the DICTION software and emphasizes the potential role dictionary-based computer-aided text analysis may play in the strategic management literature. However, it serves as a valuable introduction to the technique for any researcher.

This article was published just as dictionary-based analyses were starting to pick up steam in the management literature, but before the influx of custom dictionaries. As a result, it emphasizes the application of DICTION’s proprietary dictionaries. However, DICTION and most other dictionary-based computer-aided text analysis packages do enable the creation of custom dictionaries.


Short, J. C., McKenny, A. F., & Reid, S. W. (2018). More than words? Computer-aided text analysis in organizational behavior and psychology research. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 5, 415-435.

While this article incorporates elements of Computer-Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis (CAQDAS; e.g., ATLAS.ti, MAXQDA, Nvivo) and other forms of computer-aided text analysis, it primarily focuses on dictionary-based computer-aided text analysis research in Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior research.

This article provides an up-to-date look at how dictionary-based computer-aided text analysis is being used in organizational behavior and psychology research, as well as opportunities for how it might evolve in the future.

Even if you’re not developing or refining a custom dictionary, you may also be interested in articles on that topic as they often contain valuable information about the use and process of dictionary-based computer-aided text analysis as well.

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